ANNA UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI Tiruchirappalli - 620 024 Regulations 2008

Curriculum

B.E. Civil Engineering

SEMESTER III

Sl.No Subject Code Subject L T P C

Theory

1 Transforms and Partial Differential Equations 3 1 0 4

2 Environmental Science and Engineering 3 0 0 3

3 Applied Geology 3 0 0 3

4 Mechanics of Solids 3 1 0 4

5 Mechanics of Fluids 3 1 0 4

6 Construction Techniques, Equipments and Practice 4 0 0 4

7 Surveying I 3 0 0 3

Practical

7 Surveying Practical I 0 0 4 2

8 Computer Aided Building Drawing 0 0 4 2

Total 29

ANNA UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI

Tiruchirappalli - 620 024

Regulations 2008

Syllabus B.E. Civil Engineering

SEMESTER III

TRANSFORMS AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

(Common to all branches)

L T P C

3 10 4

UNIT I FOURIER SERIES 9

Dirichlet's conditions - General Fourier series - Odd and even functions - Half range sine series - Half range cosine series - Complex form of Fourier Series - Parseval's identity - Harmonic Analysis.

UNIT II FOURIER TRANSFORMS 9

Fourier integral theorem (without proof) - Fourier transform pair - Sine and Cosine transforms - Properties - Transforms of simple functions - Convolution theorem - Parseval's identity.

UNIT III PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9

Formation of partial differential equations - Lagrange's linear equation - Solutions of standard types of first order partial differential equations - Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients.

UNIT IV APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

9

Solutions of one dimensional wave equation - One dimensional equation of heat conduction - Steady state solution of two-dimensional equation of heat conduction (Insulated edges excluded) - Fourier series solutions in cartesian coordinates.

UNIT V Z -TRANSFORMS AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9

Z-transforms - Elementary properties - Inverse Z-transform - Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations - Solution of difference equations using Z-transform.

L: 45 T: 15 T: 60

TEXT BOOK

1. Grewal, B.S, "Higher EngineeringMathematic", 40th Edition, Khanna publishers, Delhi, (2007)

REFERENCES

1. Bali.N.P and Manish Goyal, "A Textbook of Engineering Mathematics", 7th Edition,

Laxmi Publications(P) Ltd. (2007)

2. Ramana.B.V., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Tata Mc-GrawHill Publishing

Company limited, New Delhi (2007).

3. Glyn James, "Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics", 3rd Edition, Pearson

Education (2007).

4. Erwin Kreyszig, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", 8th edition, Wiley India

(2007).

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

L T P C 3 0 0 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND

NATURAL RESOURCES 9

Definition, Scope and Importance - Need For Public Awareness - Forest Resources:-Use and Over - Exploitation, Deforestation, Case Studies, Timber Extraction, Mining, Dams and their Ground Water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts Over Water, Dams - Benefits and Problems - Mineral Resources:- Use Effects on Forests and Tribal People - Water Resources:- Use and Over-Utilization of Surface and Exploitation, Environmental Effects of Extracting and Using Mineral Resources, Case Studies - Food Resources: World Food Problems, Changes caused by Agriculture and Overgrazing, Effects of Modern Agriculture, Fertilizer- Pesticide Problems, Water Logging, salinity, Case Studies -Energy Resources:- Growing Energy Needs, Renewable and Non Renewable Energy Sources, Use of Alternate Energy Sources, Case Studies - Land Resources:- Land as a Resource, Land Degradation, Man Induced Landslides, Soil Erosion and Desertification -Role of an Individual in Conservation of Natural Resources - Equitable use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles.

UNIT II ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 9

Concepts of an Ecosystem - Structure and Function of an Ecosystem - Producers, Consumers and Decomposers - Energy Flow in the Ecosystem - Ecological Succession -Food Chains, Food Webs and Ecological Pyramids - Introduction, Types, Characteristic Features, Structure and Function of the (A) Forest Ecosystem (B) Grassland Ecosystem (C) Desert Ecosystem (D) Aquatic Ecosystems (Ponds, Streams, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Estuaries) - Introduction to Biodiversity - Definition: Genetic, Species and Ecosystem Diversity - Biogeographical Classification of India - Value of Biodiversity: Consumptive Use, Productive Use, Social, Ethical, Aesthetic and Option Values - Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels - India as a Mega-Diversity Nation - Hot-Spots of Biodiversity - Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat Loss, Poaching of Wildlife, Man-Wildlife Conflicts - endangered and Endemic Species of India - Conservation of Biodiversity: In-Situ and Ex-Situ conservation of Biodiversity.

UNIT III ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 9

Definition - Causes, Effects and Control Measures of:- (A) Air Pollution (B) Water Pollution (C) Soil Pollution (D) Marine Pollution (E) Noise Pollution (F) Thermal Pollution (G) Nuclear Hazards - Solid Waste Management:- Causes, Effects and Control Measures of Urban and Industrial Wastes - Role of an Individual in Prevention of Pollution - Pollution Case Studies - disaster Management:- Floods, Earthquake, Cyclone and Landslides.

UNIT IV

SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 9

From Unsustainable To Sustainable Development - Urban Problems Related To energy -Water conservation, Rain Water Harvesting, Watershed Management - Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People, Its Problems and Concerns, Case Studies - Environmental Ethics:- Issues and Possible Solutions - Climate Change, Global Warming, Acid Rain, Ozone Layer Depletion, Nuclear Accidents and Holocaust, Case Studies - Wasteland Reclamation - Consumerism and Waste Products - Environment Production Act - Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Wildlife Protection Act - Forest Conservation Act - Issues Involved in enforcement of Environmental Legislation - Public Awareness.

UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 9

Population Growth, Variation Among Nations - Population Explosion - Family Welfare Programme - environment and Human Health - Human Rights - Value Education - HIV /AIDS - Women and Child Welfare - Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health - Case Studies.

Field Study of Local Area to Document Environmental assets - River / Forest / Grassland/Hill / Mountain.

Field Study of Common Plants, Insects and Birds. Field Study of Simple Ecosystems -Pond, River, Hill Slopes, etc

Field Study of Local Polluted Site - Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural

Total: 45

TEXT BOOKS

1. Masters, G.M., "Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science", Pearson Education Pvt., Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2004.

2. Miller, T.G. Jr., "Environmental Science", Wadsworth Pub. Co.

3. Townsend C., Harper, J. and Begon, M., "Essentials of Ecology", Blackwell

Science, 2003.

4. Trivedi, R.K., and Goel, P.K., "Introduction to Air Pollution", Techno-Science Publications.

REFERENCES

1. Erach, B., "The Biodiversity of India", Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India

2. Trivedi, R.K., "Handbook of Environmental Law's, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards", Vol-I and II, Envio Media.

3. Cunningham., Cooper, W.P. and Gorhani, T.H., "Environmental Encyclopedia", Jaico Publishing House, Mumbai, 2001.

4. Wages, K.D., "Environmental Management", W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.

APPLIED GEOLOGY

L T P C 3 0 0 3

UNIT I GENERAL GEOLOGY 9

Geology in Civil Engineering - Branches of geology - Earth Structures and composition - Elementary knowledge on continental drift and plate technologies. Earth processes -Weathering - Work of rivers, wind and sea and their engineering importance -Earthquake belts in India. Groundwater - Mode of occurrence - prospecting -importance in civil engineering

UNIT II MINERALOGY 9

Elementary knowledge on symmetry elements of important crystallographic systems -physical properties of minerals - study of the following rock forming minerals - Quartz family. Feldpar family - Augite, Hornblende, Biotite, Muscovite, Calcite, Garnet -properties - behaviour and engineering significance of clay minerals - Fundamentals of process of formation of ore minerals - Coal and petroleum - Their origin and occurrence in India.

UNIT III PETROLOGY 9

Classification of rocks - distinction between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Description occurrence, engineering properties and distribution of following rocks. Igneous rocks - Granite, Syenite - Diorite - Gabbro - Pegmatite - Dolerite and Basalt Sedimentary rocks sandstone - Limestone, shale conglo, Conglomerate and breccia. Metamorphic rocks - Quartizite - Marble - Slate - Phyllite - Gniess and Schist.

UNIT IV STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICAL METHOD 9

Attitude of beds - Outcrops - Introduction to Geological maps - study of structures -Folds, faults and joints - Their bearing on engineering construction. Seismic and Electrical methods for Civil Engineering investigations

UNIT V GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 9

Remote sensing techniques - Study of air photos and satellite images - Interpretation for Civil Engineering projects - Geological conditions necessary for construction of Dams -Tunnels - Buildings - Road cuttings - Land slides - Causes and preventions. Sea erosion and coastal protection.

Total: 45

TEXT BOOKS

1. Parbin Singh, "Engineering and General Geology", Katson Publication House, 1987.

2. Krynine and Judd, "Engineering Geology and Geotechniques", McGraw-Hill

Book Company, 1990

REFERENCES

1. Legeet, "Geology and Engineering", McGraw-Hill Book Company 1998

2. Blyth, "Geology for Engineers", ELBS, 1995.

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

LT PC 3 10 4

UNIT I STRESS STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS, STATES OF

STRESS 9

Rigid bodies and deformable solids - stability - strength - stiffness - tension, compression and shear stresses - strain - elasticity - Hooke's law - limit of proportionately, modulus of elasticity - stress-strain curve - lateral strain - temperature stresses - deformation of simple and compound bars - shear modulus - bulk modulus - relationship between elastic constants - biaxial state of stress - stress at a point - stress on inclined plane - principal stresses and principal planes - Mohr's circle of stresses.

UNIT II ANALYSIS OF PLANE TRUSS, THIN CYLINDERS / SHELLS 9

Stability and equilibrium of plane frames - types of trusses - analysis of forces in truss members-method of joints-method of sections-method of tension coefficients - thin cylinders and shells - under internal pressure - deformation of thin cylinders and shells.

UNIT III TRANSVERSE LOADING ON BEAMS 9

Beams Statistically determinate and indeterminate beams - types of supports - simple and fixed, Types of loads - concentrated - uniformly distributed - varying distributed load

- combination of above loading - Relationship between bending moment and shear force

- bending moment and shear force diagram for simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams - Theory of simple bending - analysis of stresses - load carrying capacity of beams - proportioning of sections

UNIT IV DEFLECTION OF BEAMS AND SHEAR STRESSES 9

Deflection of beams - double integration method - Macaulay's method - slope and deflection using moment area method - Conjugate Beam method - variation of shear stress - shear stress distribution in rectangular - various sections.

UNIT V TORSION AND SPRINGS 9

Stresses and deformation in circular (solid and hollow shafts) - stepped shafts - shafts fixed at both ends - leaf springs - stresses in helical springs - deflection of springs.

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Egor P Popov, Engineering Mechanics of Solids, Prentice Hall of India, New

Delhi, 2003

2. Bansal R.K. Strength of materials, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi - 2007

REFERENCES

1. Subramanian R., Strength of materials, Oxford university press, New Delhi -

2005

2. William A.Nash, Theory and Problems of Strength of Materials, Schaum's Outline Series, Tata McGraw-Hill publishing co., New Delhi - 2007.

3. Srinath L.S, Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.,

New Delhi, 2003.

MECHANICS OF FLUIDS

L T P C 3 1 0 4

UNIT I DEFINITIONS AND FLUID PROPERTIES 5

Definitions - Fluid and fluid mechanics - Dimensions and units - Fluid properties -Continuum Concept of system and control volume

UNIT II FLUID STATICS & KINEMATICS 10

Pascal's Law and Hydrostatic equation - Forces on plane and curved surfaces -Buoyancy - Meta centre - Pressure measurement - Fluid mass under relative equilibrium Fluid Kinematics - Stream, streak and path lines - Classification of flows - Continuity equation (one, two and three dimensional forms) - Stream and potential functions - flow nets - Velocity measurement (Pitot tube, current meter, Hot wire and hot film anemometer, float technique, Laser Doppler velocimetry)

UNIT III FLUID DYNAMICS 10

Euler and Bernoulli's equations - Application of Bernoulli's equation - Discharge measurement - Laminar flows through pipes and between plates - Hagen Poiseuille equation - Turbulent flow - Darcy-Weisbach formula - Moody diagram - Momentum Principle

UNIT IV BOUNDARY LAYER AND FLOW THROUGH PIPES 10

Definition of boundary layer - Thickness and classification - Displacement and momentum thickness - Development of laminar and turbulent flows in circular pipes -Major and minor losses of flow in pipes - Pipes in series and in parallel - Pipe network

UNIT V SIMILITUDE AND MODEL STUDY 10

Dimensional Analysis - Rayleigh's method - Buckingham's Pi-theorem - Similitude and models - Scale effect and distorted models.

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Kumar, K.L., "Engineering Fluid Mechanics", Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd.,

New Delhi, 1995.

2. Rajput, R.K., "A text book of Fluid Mechanics" , S.Chand and Co.,New Delhi -

2007

REFERENCES

1. Streeter, Victor, L. and Wylie, Benjamin E., "Fluid Mechanics", McGraw-Hill

Ltd., 1998.

2. E. John Finnemore and Joseph B. Franzini, "Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications", McGraw-Hill International Edition, 2001.

3. Pernard Messay, "Mechanics of Fluids" 7th Edition, Nelson Thornes Ltd. U. K.

1998.

4. Garde, R.J. and Mirajgaoker, A.G., "Engineering Fluid Mechanics", Nem Chand Bros., Roorkee

5. Fox, Robert, W. and Macdonald, Alan,T., "Introduction to Fluid Mechanics", John Wiley & Sons, 1995

6. Modi, P.N. & Seth, S.M Hydraulics & fluid Mechanics, Standard book house ,

New Delhi - 2005.

CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES, EQUIPMENTS AND PRACTICE

L T P C 4 0 0 4

UNIT I CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 12

Cements - Grade of cements - manufactures of cement - concrete chemicals and Applications - mix design concept - mix design as per BIS & ACI methods -manufacturing of concrete - Batching - mixing - transporting - placing - compaction of concrete - curing and finishing. Testing of fresh and hardened concrete - quality of concrete - Non - destructive testing.

UNIT II CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES 13

Specifications, details and sequence of activities and construction co-ordination - Site Clearance - Marking - Earthwork - masonry - stone masonry - Bond in masonry -concrete hollow block masonry - flooring - damp proof courses - construction joints -movement and expansion joints - pre cast pavements - Building foundations - basements - temporary shed - centering and shuttering sheet piles - slip forms - scaffoldings - de-shuttering forms - Fabrication and erection of steel trusses - frames - braced domes -laying brick -- weather and water proof - roof finishes - air conditioning - acoustic and fire protection.

UNIT III SUB STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 13

Techniques of Box jacking - Pipe Jacking -under water construction of diaphragm walls and basement-Tunneling techniques - Piling techniques- driving well and caisson -sinking cofferdam - cable anchoring and grouting-driving diaphragm walls - sheet piles -shoring for deep cutting- Large reservoir construction with membranes and Earth system-well points -Dewatering and stand by Plant equipment for underground open excavation.

UNIT IV SUPER STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 12

Launching girders - bridge decks - off shore platforms - special forms for shells -techniques for heavy decks - in-situ pre-stressing in high rise structures - Material handling - erecting light weight components on tall structures - Support structure for heavy Equipment and conveyors -Erection of articulated structures - braced domes and space decks.

UNIT V CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS 10

Selection of equipment for earth work - earth moving operations - types of earthwork equipment - tractors - motor graders - scrapers - front end waders - earth movers -Equipment for foundation and pile driving. Equipment for compaction - batching and mixing and concreting - Equipment for material handling and erection of structures -Equipment for dredging, trenching, tunneling,

Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Arora S.P. and Bindra S.P., Building Construction, Planning Techniques and Method of Construction, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 1997.

2. Varghese, P.C. Building construction, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi

3. Sheety, M.S. concrete Technology, Theory and Practice, S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2005

REFERENCES

1. Jha J and Sinha S.K., Construction and Foundation Engineering, Khanna

Publishers, 1993.

2. Sharma S.C. "Construction Equipment and Management", Khanna Publishers New Delhi, 1988.

3. Deodhar, S.V. "Construction Equipment and Job Planning", Khanna Publishers,

New Delhi, 1988.

4. Dr. Mahesh Varma, "Construction Equipment and its Planning and Application", Metropolitan Book Company, New Delhi-, 1983.

5. Peurifoy, R.L., Ledbetter, W.B. and Schexnayder, C., "Construction Planning, Equipment and Methods", 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1995.

SURVEYING I

L T P C

4 0 0 4

UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND CHAIN SURVEYING 8

Definition - Principles - Classification - Field and office work - Scales - Conventional signs - Survey instruments - their care and adjustment - Ranging and chaining -Reciprocal ranging - Setting perpendiculars - well - conditioned triangles - Traversing -Plotting - Enlarging and reducing figures.

UNIT II COMPASS SURVEYING AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING 7

Prismatic compass - Surveyor's compass - Bearing - Systems and conversions - Local attraction - Magnetic declination - Dip - Traversing - Plotting - Adjustment of errors -Plane table instruments and accessories - Merits and demerits - Methods - Radiation -Intersection - Resection - Traversing.

UNIT III LEVELLING AND APPLICATIONS 12

Level line - Horizontal line - Levels and Staves - Spirit level - Sensitiveness - Bench marks - Temporary and permanent adjustments - Fly and check levelling - Booking -Reduction - Curvature and refraction - Reciprocal levelling - Longitudinal and cross sections - Plotting - Calculation of areas and volumes - Contouring - Methods -Characteristics and uses of contours - Plotting - Earth work volume - Capacity of reservoirs.

UNIT IV THEODOLITE SURVEYING 8

Theodolite - Vernier and microptic - Description and uses - Temporary and permanent adjustments of vernier transit - Horizontal angles - Vertical angles - Heights and distances - Traversing - Closing error and distribution - Gale's tables - Omitted measurements.

UNIT V ENGINEERING SURVEYS 10

Reconnaissance - preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects - Lay out -Setting out works - Route Surveys for highways - railways and waterways - Curve ranging - Horizontal and vertical curves - Simple curves - Setting with chain and tapes -tangential angles by theodolite - double theodolite - Basic concept of Compound and reverse curves - Transition curves - Functions and requirements - Setting out by offsets and angles - Vertical curves - Sight distances.

Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Bannister A. and Raymond S., Surveying, ELBS, Sixth Edition, 1992.

2. Kanetkar T.P., Surveying and Levelling, Vols. I and II, United Book Corporation,

Pune, 1994.

3. Punmia B.C. Surveying, Vols. I, II and III, Laxmi Publications, 2007

REFERENCES

1. Clark D., Plane and Geodetic Surveying, Vols. I and II, C.B.S. Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, Sixth Edition, 1971.

2. James M.Anderson and Edward M.Mikhail, Introduction to Surveying, McGraw-

Hill Book Company, 1985.

3. Heribert Kahmen and Wolfgang Faig, Surveying, Walter de Gruyter, 1995.

SURVEYING PRACTICAL I

LT PC 0 0 4 2

1. Study of chains and its accessories

2. Aligning, Ranging and Chaining

3. Chain Traversing

4. Compass Traversing

5. Plane table surveying: Radiation

6. Plane table surveying: Intersection

7. Plane table surveying: Traversing

8. Plane table surveying: Resection -Three point problem

9. Plane table surveying: Resection - Two point problem

10. Study of levels and levelling staff

11. Fly levelling using Dumpy level

12. Fly levelling using tilting level

13. Check levelling

14. LS and CS

15. Contouring

16. Study of Theodolite

Total: 60

SURVEYING PRACTICAL I & SURVEYING PRACTICAL II

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

(For a batch of 30 students)

Sl. No. Description of Equipments Quantity

1. Total Station 3 Nos

2. Theodolites Atleast 1 for every 10

students

3. Dumpy level Atleast 1 for every 10

students

4. Plain table Atleast 1 for every 10

students

5. Pocket stereoscope 1

6. Ranging rods 3 for a set of 5 students

7. Leveling staff

8. Cross staff 1 for a set of 5 students

9. Chains

10. Tapes

11. Arrows 5 for a set of 5 students

COMPUTER AIDED BUILDING DRAWING

LT PC 0 0 4 2

1. Buildings with load bearing walls (Flat and pitched roof) -

Including details of doors and windows 15

2. RCC framed structures 15

3. Industrial buildings - North light roof structures - Trusses 15

4. Perspective view of one and two storey buildings 15

Total: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Civil Engg. Drawing & House Planning - Varma B.P., Khanna publishers, Delhi

2. Building drawing & detailing - Balagopal & T.S. Prabhu, Spades Publishers, Calicut.

REFERENCES

1. Building drawing - Shah.M.G., Tata McGraw-Hill,1992

2. Building planning & Drawing -Kumaraswamy N., Kameswara Rao A., Charotar Publishing

3. Shah, Kale and Patki, Building Drawing with integrated approach to built environment, Tata McGraw-Hill.

Examination Guideline

30% of the end semester examination paper shall deal with planning, while the rest 70% shall be based on the drafting skill.

LIST OF EQUIPMENTS

(For a batch of 30 students)

Sl. No. Description of Equipments Quantity

1. Computer system of Pentium IV or equivalent 1 for each student

2. Licensed version of any reputed Analysis, Design & Drafting software 1 copy for a set of 3 students

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