ANNA UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI Tiruchirappalli - 620 024

Regulations 2007 Curriculum

B.E. Electronics and Communication Engineering

SEMESTER V

S.No. Subject Code Subject L T P Max. Marks

Theory

1 Numerical Methods 3 1 0 100

2 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers 3 1 0 100

3 Communication Systems 3 0 0 100

4 Digital Signal Processing 3 1 0 100

5 Transmission Lines and Waveguides 3 0 0 100

6 Control Systems 3 1 0 100

Practical

7 Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Laboratory 0 0 3 100

8 Digital Signal Processing Laboratory 0 0 3 100

9 Communication and Soft Skills Laboratory 0 0 3 100

ANNA UNIVERSITY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI

Tiruchirappalli - 620 024

Regulations 2007

Syllabus

B.E. Electronics and Communication Engineering

SEMESTER V

NUMERICAL METHODS

L T P

3 10

UNIT I SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGEN VALUE

PROBLEMS 9

Linear interpolation methods (method of false position) - Newton's method -Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss - Jordon methods - iterative methods: Gauss Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods - Inverse of a matrix by Gauss-Jordan method - Eigen value of a matrix by power method

UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9

Lagrangian Polynomials - Divided differences - Interpolating with a cubic spline -Newton's forward and backward difference formulae.

UNIT III NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9

Derivatives from difference tables - Divided differences and finite differences - Numerical integration by Trapezoidal and Simpson's 1/3 and 3/8 rules - Romberg's method -Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpson's rules.

UNIT IV INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9

Single step Methods: Taylor Series method - Euler's method - Modified and Improved Euler's method - Fourth order Runge-Kutta method for solving first and second order equations - Multi-step methods: Milne's and Adam's predictor and corrector methods.

UNIT V BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND

PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9

Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation - Finite difference solution of one dimensional heat equation by implicit and explicit methods - one dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations.

L: 45 T: 15 Total: 60

TEXT BOOK

1. C.F. Gerald and P.O. Wheatley "Applied Numerical Analysis", Seventh Edition, Pearson Education, 2007.

REFERENCES

1. M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar and R.K. Jain, "Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation" Fourth Edition, New Age International Publishers, 2003.

2 M.K. Venkatraman, 'Numerical Methods', National Publication Company, 1991. 3. P. Kandasamy, K. Thilakavthy and K. Gunavathy, "Numerical Methods",

Second Edition, S.Chand & Co., 2003.

MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS

LT P 3 10

UNIT I 8085 MICROPROCESSOR 9

8085 Architecture - Instruction Set - Addressing Modes - Timing Diagrams - Assembly Language Programming - Counters - Time Delays - Interrupts - Memory Interfacing -Interfacing , I/O devices.

UNIT II PERIPHERALS INTERFACING OF 8085 9

Interfacing Serial I/O (8251) - Parallel I/O (8255) - Keyboard and Display Controller (8279) - ADC/DAC Interfacing - Inter Integrated Circuits Interfacing (I2C Standard) -Bus: RS232C - RS485 - GPIB

UNIT III 8086 MICROPROCESSOR 9

8086 Internal Architecture - 8086 Addressing modes - Instruction Set - 8086 Assembly Language Programming - Interrupts.

UNIT IV 8051 MICROCONTROLLER 9

8051 Micro Controller Hardware - I/O Pins, Ports and Circuits - External Memory -Counters and Timers - Serial Data I/O - Interrupts-Interfacing to External Memory and

8255.

UNIT V 8051 PROGRAMMING AND APPLICATIONS 9

8051 Instruction Set - Addressing Modes - Assembly Language Programming - I/O Port Programming - Timer and Counter Programming - Serial Communication - Interrupt Programming - 8051 Interfacing - LCD - ADC - Sensors - Stepper Motors - Keyboard

and DAC.

L:45 T:15 TOTAL: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. Ramesh S Gaonkar, "Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and application with 8085", Fourth Edition, PHI, New Delhi, 2000.

2. John Uffenbeck, "The 80x86 Families, Design, Programming and Interfacing", Third Edition, Pearson Education, 2002.

3. Mohammed Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi, "The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems", Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2003.

REFERENCES

1. A.K. Ray and K.M.Burchandi, "Intel Microprocessors Architecture Programming and Interfacing", TMH International Edition, 2000

2. Kenneth J Ayala, "The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and Application", Second Edition, Penram International Publishers (India), New Delhi,

1996.

3. M. Rafiquzhman, "Microprocessors Theory and Applications: Intel and Motorola", PHI Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

L T P 3 0 0

UNIT I AMPLITUDE MODULATION 9

Generation and Demodulation of AM - DSB - SC - SSB - SC - VSB Signals - Filtering of Sidebands - Comparison of Amplitude Modulation Systems - Frequency Translation -Frequency Division Multiplexing - AM Transmitters - Superhetrodyne Receiver - AM Receiver.

UNIT II ANGLE MODULATION 9

Frequency Modulation - Narrowband and Wideband FM -Transmission Bandwidth of FM Signals - Generation of FM Signal - Direct FM - Indirect FM - Demodulation of FM Signals - FM Stereo Multiplexing - PLL - Nonlinear Model and Linear Model of PLL -Non-linear Effects in FM Systems - FM Broadcast Receivers - FM Stereo Receivers.

UNIT III NOISE PERFORMANCE OF DSB- SSB RECEIVERS 9

Noise - Shot Noise - Thermal Noise - White Noise - Noise Equivalent Bandwidth -Narrowband Noise - Representation of Narrowband Noise in Terms of Envelope and Phase Components - Sine wave Plus Narrowband Noise - Receiver Model - Noise in DSB - SC Receiver - Noise in SSB Receiver.

UNIT IV NOISE PERFORMANCE OF AM AND FM RECEIVERS 9

Noise in AM Receivers Threshold Effect - Noise in FM Receivers Capture Effect - FM Threshold Effect - FM Threshold Reduction - Pre-Emphasis and De-emphasis in FM -Comparison of Performance of AM and FM Systems.

UNIT V INFORMATION THEORY 9

Uncertainty - Information and Entropy - Source Coding Theorem - Data Compaction -Discrete Memory Less Channels-Mutual Information - Channel Capacity - Channel Coding Theorem - Differential Entropy - and Mutual Information for Continuous Ensembles - Information Capacity Theorem - Implication of The Information Capacity Theorem - Rate Distortion Theory - Compression of Information.

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS

1. Simon Haykin , "Communication Systems", John Wiley & sons, NY, Fourth

Edition, 2001.

2. G. Proakis , "Fundamentals of Communication Systems", Pearson Education, First

Edition, 2007.

REFERENCES

1. Bruce Carlson, "Communication Systems", Third Edition, TMH,1999.

2. B. P. Lathi, "Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems", Third Edition,

Oxford Press, 2007.

3. R. P Singh and S. D. Sapre, "Communication Systems - Analog and Digital",

Second Edition, TMH, 2007.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING

LT P 3 10

UNIT I FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM 9

Introduction to DFT - Efficient Computation of DFT Properties of DFT - FFT Algorithms - Radix-2 FFT Algorithms - Decimation in Time - Decimation in Frequency Algorithms -Use Of FFT Algorithms in Linear Filtering and Correlation.

UNIT II DIGITAL FILTER DESIGN 9

Amplitude and Phase Responses of FIR Filters - Linear Phase Filters - Windowing Techniques for Design of Linear Phase FIR Filters - Rectangular, Hamming, Kaiser Window - Frequency Sampling Techniques - IIR Filters - Magnitude Response - Phase Response - Group Delay - Design of Low Pass Butterworth Filters (Low Pass) - Bilinear Transformation - Prewarping - Impulse Invariant Transformation.

UNIT III FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9

Quantization Noise - Derivation for Quantization Noise Power - Fixed Point and Binary Floating Point Number Representation - Comparison - Over Flow Error - Truncation Error - Co-Efficient Quantization Error - Limit Cycle Oscillation - Signal Scaling -Analytical Model of Sample and Hold Operations.

UNIT IV POWER SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9

Computation of Energy Density Spectrum - Auto Correlation and Power Spectrum of Random Signals. Periodogram - Use of DFT in Power Spectrum Estimation - Non Parametric Methods for Power Spectral Estimation: Bartlett and Welch Methods -Blackman and Tukey Method.

UNIT V DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9

Introduction to DSP Architecture -Harvard Architecture - Dedicated MAC Unit - Multiple Alus, Advanced Addressing Modes - Pipelining - Overview of Instruction Set of TMS320C5X and C54X.

L:45 T:15 TOTAL: 60

TEXT BOOKS

1. John G Proakis, Dimtris G Manolakis, "Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and Application", PHI, Third Edition, 2000.

2. B. Venkataramani & M. Bhaskar, "Digital Signal Processor Architecture, Programming and Application", TMH, 2002.

REFERENCES

1. Alan V Oppenheim, Ronald W Schafer, John R Back, "Discrete Time Signal Processing", Second Edition , PHI, 2000.

2. Johny R.Johnson, "Introduction to Digital Signal Processing", PHI, 1984.

3. S. K. Mitra, "Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach", TMH, New

Delhi, 1998.

TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES

L T P 3 0 0

UNIT I TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY 9

General Solution of Transmission Line - The Two Standard Forms for Voltage and Current of a Line Terminated by an Impedance - Physical Significance of the Equation and the Infinite Line - Reflection Coefficient - Wavelength and Velocity of Propagation -Waveform Distortion - Distortionless Transmission Line - The Telephone Cable -Inductance Loading of Telephone Cables - Input Impedance of Lossless Lines - Reflection on a Line Not Terminated by Zo - Transfer Impedance - Reflection Factor and Reflection

Loss - T and n Section Equivalent to Lines.

UNIT II THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCIES 9

Standing Waves and Standing Wave Ratio on a Line - One Eighth Wave Line - The Quarter Wave Line and Impedance Matching - The Half Wave Line - The Circle Diagram for the Dissipationless Line - The Smith Chart - Application of the Smith Chart -Conversion from Impedance to Reflection Coefficient and Vice-Versa - Impedance to Admittance Conversion and Vice-versa - Input Impedance of a Lossless Line Terminated by an Impedance - Single Stub Matching and Double Stub Matching.

UNIT III GUIDED WAVES 8

Waves Between Parallel Planes of Perfect Conductors - Transverse Electric and Transverse Magnetic Waves - Characteristics of TE and TM Waves - Transverse Electromagnetic Waves - Velocities of Propagation - Component Uniform Plane Waves Between Parallel Planes - Attenuation of TE and TM Waves in Parallel Plane Guides -Wave Impedances.

UNIT IV RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDES 9

Transverse Magnetic Waves in Rectangular Wave Guides - Transverse Electric Waves in Rectangular Waveguides - Characteristic of TE and TM Waves - Cutoff Wavelength and Phase Velocity - Impossibility of TEM Waves in Waveguides - Dominant Mode in Rectangular Waveguide - Attenuation of TE and TM Modes in Rectangular Waveguides -Wave Impedances - Characteristic Impedance - Excitation of Modes.

UNIT V CIRCULAR WAVE GUIDES AND RESONATORS 10

Bessel Functions - Solution of Field Equations in Cylindrical Co-ordinates - TM and TE Waves in Circular Guides - Wave Impedances and Characteristic Impedance - Dominant Mode in Circular Waveguide - Excitation of modes - Microwave Cavities - Rectangular Cavity Resonators - Circular Cavity Resonator - Semicircular Cavity Resonator - Q Factor of a Cavity Resonator for TE101 Mode.

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS

1. J. D. Ryder "Networks, Lines and Fields", PHI, New Delhi, 2003.

2. E. C. Jordan and K. G. Balmain, "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating System",

PHI, New Delhi, 2003.

REFERENCES

1. Ramo, Whineery and Van Duzer, "Fields and Waves in Communication

Electronics", John Wiley, 2003.

2. David M.Pozar "Microwave Engineering", Second Edition, John Wiley,2002.

3. David K. Cheng,"Field and Waves in Electromagnetism", Pearson Education, 1989.

CONTROL SYSTEMS

LT P 3 10

UNIT I CONTROL SYSTEM MODELING 9

Basic Elements of Control System - Open Loop and Closed Loop Systems - Differential Equation - Transfer Function - Modeling of Electric Systems - Translational and Rotational Mechanical Systems - Block Diagram Reduction Techniques - Signal Flow Graph.

UNIT II TIME RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9

Time Response Analysis - First Order Systems - Impulse and Step Response Analysis of Second Order Systems - Steady State Errors - P, PI, PD and PID Compensation -Analysis using MATLAB.

UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9

Frequency Response - Bode Plot - Polar Plot - Nyquist Plot - Frequency Domain Specifications from the Plots - Constant M and N Circles - Nichol's Chart - Use of Nichol's Chart in Control System Analysis - Series - Parallel - Series-Parallel Compensators - Lead - Lag - Lead Lag Compensators - Analysis using MATLAB.

UNIT IV STABILITY ANALYSIS 9

Stability - Routh-Hurwitz Criterion - Root Locus Technique - Construction of Root Locus - Stability - Dominant Poles - Application of Root Locus Diagram - Nyquist Stability Criterion - Relative Stability - Analysis using MATLAB.

UNIT V STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS & DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

9

State Space Representation of Continuous Time Systems - State Equations - Transfer Function from State Variable Representation - Solutions of the State Equations - Concepts of Controllability and Observability - State Space Representation for Discrete Time Systems - Sampled Data Control Systems - Sampling Theorem - Sample and Hold -Open Loop and Closed Loop Sampled Data Systems.

L:45 T:15 TOTAL: 60

TEXTBOOKS

1. J. Nagrath and M. Gopal, "Control System Engineering", Fifth Edition, New Age International Publishers, 2007.

2. M. Gopal, "Control System Principles and Design", Second Edition, TMH, 2002.

REFERENCES

1. Benjamin C. Kuo, "Automatic Control Systems", Seventh Edition,PHI, 1995.

2. M. Gopal, "Digital Control and State Variable Methods", Second Edition, TMH, 2007.

3. Schaum's Outline Series, "Feedback and Control Systems", TMH,2007.

4. John J. Dazzo and Constantine H. Houpis, "Linear Control System Analysis and Design", TMH., 1995.

5. Richard C. Dorf and Robert H. Bishop, " Modern Control Systems", Addison Wesley, 1999.

MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS LABORATORY

LT P 0 0 3

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Programs for 8/16 Bit Arithmetic Operations (Using 8085).

2. Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8085, 8086).

3. Programs for String Manipulation Operations (Using 8086).

4. Programs for Digital Clock and Stop Watch (Using 8086).

5. Interfacing ADC and DAC.

6. Parallel Communication between Two Microprocessor Kits using Mode 1 and

Mode 2 of 8255.

7. Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253.

8. Serial Communication between Two Microprocessor Kits using 8251.

9. Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control.

10. Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation Instructions of 8051Microcontroller.

11. Programming and Verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART Operations in 8031 Microcontroller.

12. Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC.

TOTAL: 45

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY

LT P 0 0 3

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

USING TMS320C5X

1. Study of various Addressing Modes of DSP using Simple Programming Examples

2. Sampling of Input Signal and Display

3. Implementation of FIR Filter

4. Calculation of FFT

USING MATLAB

1. Generation of Signals

2. Linear and Circular Convolution of Two Sequences

3. Sampling and Effect of Aliasing

4. Design of FIR Filters

5. Design of IIR Filters

6. Calculation of FFT of a Signal

TOTAL: 45

COMMUNICATION AND SOFT SKILLS LABORATORY

LT P 0 0 3

(Common to All Branches of III Year B.E./ B.Tech students of Anna University Tiruchirappalli and affiliated colleges)

The aim of the course is two-fold: to enable the students to develop communication skills in the language laboratory and to arrange discussions for developing soft skills in the lab and/or the classroom. Each lab session shall last for three periods.

List of activities that are to be carried out:(15 sessions x 3 periods = 45)

Lab session # 1: Listening and speaking practice exercises with communicative functions. Learning material: the ACD of Spoken English: A Foundation Course for Speakers of Indian Languages (Orient Longman, 2008)

Lab session # 2: Practice with more advanced communicative functions. Learning material: the ACD of Spoken English: A Foundation Course for Speakers of Indian Languages (Orient Longman, 2008)

Lab session # 3: Pronunciation exercises with Oxford Advanced Learners' Dictionary of Current English or any other standard Dictionary

Lab session # 4: Making an oral presentation in English. Learning Material: Professional Presentations VCD (Cambridge University Press)

Lab session # 5: Listening to telephone conversations in English and completing the tasks. Learning material: Essential Telephoning in English ACD (Cambridge University Press)

Lab session # 6: Giving an exposure to and practice with model group discussion and interviews. Learning material: How to Prepare for Group Discussion and Interview Audio

Cassette (McGraw-Hill)

Lab session # 7: Giving insights into the format and the task types in the IELTS (International English Language Testing System). Learning Material: Objective IELTS, Intermediate Level (CUP)

Lab session # 8: Understanding the format and the task types in the TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language). Learning Material: Understanding the TOEFL (Educational Testing Services, Princeton)

Lab session # 9: Administering the BEC (Business English Certificate) Diagnostic Test. Learning Material: BEC Practice Materials (British Council, Chennai)

Lab session # 10: Completing the steps involved in Career, Life Planning and Change Management. Learning Material: Developing Soft Skills (Pearson Education)

Lab session # 11: Setting goals and objectives exercises. Learning Material: Developing Soft Skills (Pearson Education)

Lab session # 12: Prioritizing and time planning exercises. Learning Material: Managing Time Multimedia Program CD

Lab session # 13: Taking a Personality Typing/ Psychometric Test Learning Material: 200 Psychometric Test prepared by the CUIC, Anna University Chennai

Lab session # 14: Critical and creative thinking exercises.

Lab session # 15: Improving body language and cross-cultural communication with pictures. Learning material: Body Language (S. Chand and Co.)

For a detailed plan, refer to the topics given below;

UNIT I LISTENING AND SPEAKING PRACTICE IN COMMUNICATIVE FUNCTIONS

Introductions and Meetings - Talking about Studies and/or Job - Expressing Likes and Dislikes - Describing Daily Routines and Current Activities - Talking about Past States and Events - Talking about Future Plans and Intentions - Expressing Preferences - Giving Reasons - Expressing Opinions, agreement and Disagreement - Seeking and Giving Advice - Making Suggestions.

UNIT II SPEAKING APPLICATIONS

Making an Oral Presentation - Preparing the Presentation - Performing the Presentation -Beginning - Language - Visual Aids and Body Language - Voice - Ending - Questions -Telephone Conversations - Group Discussion and Interview.

UNIT III UNDERSTANDING AND PREPARING FOR INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH LANGUAGE EXAMINATIONS

International English Language Testing System (IELTS) - Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) - Business English Certificate (BEC)

UNIT IV SOFT SKILLS (1)

Preparing for and Dealing With Change - Motivation, Goal-Setting and Self-Esteem -Managing Time and Stress - Career and Life Planning - Team Work - Leadership Traits.

UNIT V SOFT SKILLS (2)

Multiple Intelligences - Learning Styles and Personality Typing - Critical and Creative Thinking - People, Cultures and Self - Intercultural Communication.

RESOURCES

1. Kamalesh Sadanand and Susheela Punitha, "Spoken English: A Foundation Course" for Speakers of Indian Languages, Part 2 Audio CD, Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2008

2. Malcome Goodale, "Professional Presentations", (VCD) New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

3. Barbara Garside and Tony Garside, Essential Telephoning in English (Audio CD), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002

4. Hari Mohan Prasad and Rajnish Mohan, "How to Prepare for Group Discussion and Interview (Audio Cassette)", Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing

5. International English Language Testing System Practice Tests, CUP

6. Business English Certificate Materials, Cambridge University Press

7. Understanding the TOEFL. Educational Testing Services, Princeton, US

8. Interactive Multimedia Programs on Managing Time and Stress

9. Robert M. Sherfield and et al "Developing Soft Skills", 4th edition, New Delhi, Pearson Education, 2009.

Total: 45

## Thursday, July 30, 2009

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